Pilot Projects

TOPSOIL adresses water related topics concentrated around five shared challenges.

1. Flooding in towns and agricultural areas due to the rising groundwater table, caused by changing precipitation patterns

2. Saltwater intrusion into freshwater reserves due to rising sea levels and changed irrigation, drainage and drinking water demands.

3. The need for a groundwater buffer to store ater in periods of excess rainfall. The buffer of fresh water can be used for irrigation purposes during dry periods.

4. Better knowledge and management of soil conditions, which will provide better resilience to extreme rainfall events, improve water quality and improve crop yields.

5. The capacity to break down nutrients and other environmentally hazardous pollutants in the uppermost layers of the ground is yet unexplored. By improving our understanding, better management can be implemented.

These challenges will be addressed in 16 pilot areas, to develop and test solutions for managing uppermost 20-30 m of the subsurface. 


BE 1: Identifying the salinization of groundwater in the Western Flemish coastal area by collecting airborne electromagnetic data

BE 2: Increasing the availability of freshwater for agriculture by improving local             hydrogeological conditions

DK 1: High groundwater table in a Danish town – Challenges and opportunities in a climate adaptation perspective

DK 2A: Targeted regulation of fertilizers to obtain sustainable intensification. Investigating the potential for natural breakdown of pollutants in the subsurface groundwater.

DK 2B: Improvement of traditional geophysical investigations

DK 3: Development and testing of high resolution near surface methods for improved groundwater vulnerability assessment

DK 4: Integrated water management in Odense

GE 1: Investigation of the geophysical, hydrochemical and hydraulic characteristics of the subsurface as a basis for geological and hydrological modeling

GE 2: Development of climate change effected saltwater intrusion in the Elbe-Weser region

GE 3: Bremen Dam: Effects of a dam on the surrounding groundwater

GE 4: AquaModul

GE 5: Enabling farmers to better protect the groundwater from nitrate and veterinary pharmaceuticals

NL 1A: Measures to deal with increased water shortage in the Drentsche Aa

NL 1B: Assessing the water quality in the Drentsche Aa and Hunze

NL 2: Creating a sustainable Dwarsdiep catchment

NL 3: GeoTOP: using detailed soil information and models to solve water problems

UK 1: Surface- and groundwater connectivity and implication for water resource protection and management

UK 2: Holistic water- and soil management in East Anglia

A more detailed description of all the pilot projects listed above can be found by clicking on 'Topsoil pilots catalogue' in the left box.